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Tel Al-Sultan reveals Jericho’s oldest history and is therefore a world famous site of interest for tourists. The Tel is a 21m high artificial mound, overlooking the modern city from the northwest. It is about 2 km away from today’s City Center. Numerous excavations were carried out since the late Eighteenth Century. The most famous of which are the excavations of the British archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon, which were carried out between 1952 and 1958. They unearthed human activities at the Tel from around 9000 BC. Permanent settlement at the Tel began in the middle of the Stone Age around 8000 BC, which marks the transition from a nomadic life of hunting and gathering to an established agricultural life. Kenyon’s excavations uncovered 23 layers representing the diversity of civilizations at the site.
Today’s visitors can recognize numerous archaeological features at the Tel including, the famous Neolithic solid round stone tower in the center as well as a defensive wall built of the mud brick and the oldest known stairs in the world, all dating from before 7000 BC. These discoveries established Jericho as the first and oldest city in the history of mankind.