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Wadi (Valley) Al-Qilt stretches from the suburbs of Jerusalem in the West to Jericho and the Jordan River in the East. Along the beautiful path of the Wadi, hikers enjoy the natural view of rocks, caves and the eroded pebbles in the bottom of the valley. Trees and bushes are green yearlong, forming an oasis in the desert valley and along the aqueduct. The many natural caves and shelters spread along the Wadi are homes to the Bedouins and their livestock.
The appearance of the caves and small ruins from the Byzantine period indicates the density of monastic life during that period. Before the end of the Wadi, Jericho appears a wide flat plain offering a beautiful scene of nature.
The prominence of the Wadi began with King Herod’s demand for water to supply his winter palace and garden during the Roman period. A Roman aqueduct was built along the valley to bring water from ’Ein Fawwar’ spring. The structure of this aqueduct is still visible in the valley today. The current water aqueduct was built along the same line of the Roman one during the Jordanian rule over Palestine.